In just a few hours we can transform a dilapidated plot of land into a fresh, natural space, full of green and ready to enjoy for years to come. When it comes to installing artificial grass we have tons of experience.
Throughout our time installing grass in everything from landscaping projects in London to homes, kennels and nurseries all around the South East, we have refined our process. If you want to see how we do it, or want to install artificial grass yourself, we have put together a simple guide to help you.
Materials and tools needed
Before you start installation make sure you have the following:
- 2 layers of weed membrane, preferably Type 1
- Turf cutter or shovel
- Rake or wicker plate or roller
- Sharp sand
- Artificial grass to cover area required
- Toothed trowel
- Glue to join seams
- Galvanised nails
- Stanley knife
Exact measurements and quantities will be dependant on size of project.
There can be many reasons for wanting to install artificial grass in a garden. When children and animals are involved, artificial grass means that the terrain doesn’t get damaged by tiny feet and mud doesn’t get tracked everywhere. As you can see from the image before our work, natural grass can be damaged, and artificial grass can be a great remedy.
1. Use a turf cutter
First things first, it is time to clear a place for the artificial grass. Strip away any natural grass and create a level ground which you can then replace with the artificial turf. The easiest way of doing this is by using a turf cutter which will strip away terrain easily. It is best to remove the turf to a depth of 2 – 3 inches. Free draining lawns will require a 2 inch base, whereas poor draining lawns will require a 3 inch base.
2. Clear room for the sub base
With all turf removed, the area is ready for the sub base to be installed. As you can see from this image, there is a firm edge all the way around. If installing up to a flower bed however, tanalised timber edging or metal edging should be installed.
3. Prepare the weed membrane
Install the first layer of geotextile weed membrane on top of the soil. This will prevent the sub base sinking into the mud. It is best to fill the area with Type 1, sometimes known as MOT (crushed stone).
4. Level area
Make sure the Type 1 is evenly spread, and smooth off any humps with a rake. Doing this will help make sure that the finished project is level and doesn’t have any lumps or sharp objects which may damage the turf over time.
5. Compact the Type 1 with a wacker plate and blind off with a thin layer of sharp sand.
Using a wicker plate, make sure that all of the Type 1 and sharp sand is compact before installing the sharp sand with a wacker plate. After doing this, smooth off the areas with the back of a rake or by using a roller. After this the area should look completely smooth and level. It is important to spend time on the pre-installation of artificial grass, as this will result in a more comfortable, longer lasting area.
6. Install a second layer of weed membrane
Install the second layer of geotextile weed membrane and pin in position with 6 inch galvanized nails. This will prevent any weed growth. Use a Stanley knife to cut the layer to the required layout.
7. Install the artificial grass layer
Lay the artificial grass out and leave to settle for a couple of hours. Once you are happy that the grass is flat and settled, you can then cut it to shape using a sharp Stanley knife. Blades will need to be changed approximately every three metres of cutting.
8. Join pieces of artificial turf together
When joining two pieces of grass together, cut evenly down the stitch lines on each piece of grass. Butt the two pieces together and check the join. It is quite possible there is still some trimming to be done.
Once you are happy the two pieces of grass are butted up exactly, fold both pieces back and lay the joining tape evenly between them. Apply the glue to the joining tape and spread with a toothed trowel. Carefully fold both pieces back and apply pressure to the join. Make sure the glue is not too thick or it will push through the join or the drainage holes.
9. Secure edges
Once the glue has bonded you can trim the edges. This is easiest done using a sharp Stanley knife. Change blades if required for better quality installation.
Once this is done, use 6 inch galvanized nails to pin the turf. This should be done every 6 – 12 inches around the edge
10. Enjoy your new garden!
Once you have secured the borders, step back and admire your new garden. It may take a little time for the grass to acclimatise (sometimes we like to hurry the process along with a leaf blower!) but your garden is immediately ready to play on or just enjoy and will look fantastic for many years to come.
If you have any issues or want any advice on artificial grass installation then contact a member of our team at 01825 729 259.