In just a few hours we can transform a dilapidated plot of land into a fresh, natural space, full of green and ready to enjoy for years to come. When it comes to installing artificial grass we have tons of experience.
We have over 10 years experience in landscaping, home garden, playground and sports projects in London, the South East and throughout the UK. This has allowed us to develop expertise and refine the installation process. If you want to see how we do it, or want to install artificial grass yourself, we have put together a simple guide to help you.
Materials and tools required to transform your garden
Before you start installation make sure you have the following:
- 2 layers of weed membrane
- Turf cutter or shovel
- Wacker plate or roller
- Sharp sand
- Type 1 aggregate
- Artificial grass to cover area required
- Toothed trowel
- Glue to join seams
- Timber for base perimeter
- Screwdriver or staple gun
- Stanley knife
Exact measurements and quantities will be dependent on size of project. You may require a skip for the removal of turf and soil
There can be many reasons for wanting to install artificial grass in your garden. No mud, no maintenance and year long access to your garden.
1. Use a turf cutter
First things first, it is time to remove the existing turf and soil ready for the artificial grass base preparation. Strip away any natural grass and create a level ground which you can then replace with the artificial turf. The easiest way of doing this is by using a turf cutter which will strip away terrain easily. It is best to remove the turf to a depth of 2 – 3 inches. Free draining lawns will require a 2 inch base, whereas poor draining lawns will require a 3 inch base.
2. Clear room for the sub base
With all turf removed, the area is ready for the sub base to be installed. The area should be edged by a timber frame which provides a firm edge to hold the base material in place and a secure fixing point for the artificial grass. The timber edge should fitted approximately 10mm below the surrounding level, depending of the pile height of your chosen artificial grass.
3. Prepare the weed membrane
Install the first layer of geotextile weed membrane on top of the soil. This will prevent the sub base sinking into the mud. It is best to fill the area with Type 1, sometimes known as MOT (crushed stone).
4. Level area
Make sure the Type 1 is evenly spread and smooth off any lumps with a rake. The Type 1 should be raked level with top of the timber perimeter edging.
5. Compact the Type 1 with a wacker plate and blind off with a thin layer of sharp sand.
Using a wacker plate, make sure that all of the Type 1 is compacted to a smooth finish. This should lower the Type 1 to approximately 10mm below the top edge of the perimeter timber. Now spread on the sharp sand and compact with a wacker plate, screed off to a smooth finish level with the top of the timber edging.
6. Install a second layer of weed membrane
Install the second layer of geotextile weed membrane and secure to the top of the timber edging with screws or staples. This will prevent any weed growth. Use a Stanley knife to cut the layer to the required layout.
7. Install the artificial grass layer
Lay the artificial grass out and leave to settle for a couple of hours. Once you are happy that the grass is flat and settled, you can then cut it to shape using a sharp Stanley knife. Blades will need to be changed approximately every three metres of cutting.
8. Join pieces of artificial turf together
When joining two pieces of grass together, cut evenly down the stitch lines on each piece of grass. Butt the two pieces together and check the join. It is quite possible there is still some trimming to be done.
Once you are happy the two pieces of grass are butted up exactly, fold both pieces back and lay the joining tape (shiny side down) evenly between them. Apply the glue evenly to the middle 5 inches of the joining tape and spread with a toothed trowel. Carefully fold both pieces back and apply pressure to the join. Make sure the glue is not too thick or it will push through the join or the drainage holes. Carefully insert 1 screw either side of the join to ensure that the grass remain in place while edges are being trimmed.
9. Secure edges
Now you can trim the edges. This is easiest done using a sharp Stanley knife. Change blades if required for better quality installation.
Once trimming is complete the artificial grass can be fixed to the timber perimeter, either by screwing or stapling. With either option please be sure to open the pile of the grass where the fixing is made to prevent damage or catching of pile. This should be done every 6 inches.
Finally it is time to ‘lift’ the pile which you can do with a leave blower, power brush or by hand.
10. Enjoy your new garden!!
Once you have secured the borders, step back and admire your new garden. It may take a little time for the grass to acclimatise (sometimes we like to hurry the process along with a leaf blower!) but your garden is immediately ready to play on or just enjoy and will look fantastic for many years to come.
If you have any issues or want any advice on artificial grass installation then contact a member of our team at 01825 729 259.